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安装即可,Controller的驱动却没有

目录

GNU/Linux的安装过程中实际上已经安装了很多可用的网卡驱动,但这一款:Realtek PCIe GBE Family Controller的驱动却没有。

  • Ubuntu 18.04 安装博通(Broadcom)无线网卡驱动
  • Package gcc is not configured yet. 解决办法
  • history
    • history | grep dpkg

而我的台式机:惠普 HP Pro 3380 MT刚好使用的是这一款网卡。由于没有网络,而CentOS6.x又没有预装gcc,g++编译环境,着实折腾了很久。

Ubuntu 18.04 安装博通(Broadcom)无线网卡驱动

首先从iso镜像文件中提取出驱动文件。

./pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb

./pool/restricted/b/bcmwl/bcmwl-kernel-source_6.30.223.271+bdcom-0ubuntu4_amd64.deb

然后按顺序直接sudo dpkg -i 安装,装完重启即可生效。

sudo dpkg -i dkms_2.2.0.3-2ubuntu11_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i bcmwl-kernel-source_6.30.223.248+bdcom-0ubuntu8_amd64.deb

如果安装过程中报 没有安装gcc 的错误,那么也是直接从镜像文件中提取相关文件dpkg -i 安装即可,缺什么deb包就直接在iso文件中找就行,期间大概安装了10多个deb包,然后才完成gcc和g++的安装。

也可以参考 配置本地源安装。

在本文的最后部分的history是我的整个安装过程的命令历史记录。

接下来,继续安装dkms和bcmwl

b4@pc:~$ sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
(Reading database ... 128918 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb ...
Unpacking dkms (2.3-3ubuntu9.2) over (2.3-3ubuntu9.2) ...
dpkg: dependency problems prevent configuration of dkms:
 dkms depends on gcc; however:
  Package gcc is not configured yet.

dpkg: error processing package dkms (--install):
 dependency problems - leaving unconfigured
Processing triggers for man-db (2.8.3-2) ...
Errors were encountered while processing:
 dkms
b4@pc:~$ sudo dpkg --configure -a
Setting up gcc (4:7.3.0-3ubuntu2) ...
Setting up dkms (2.3-3ubuntu9.2) ...
b4@pc:~$ sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
(Reading database ... 128918 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb ...
Unpacking dkms (2.3-3ubuntu9.2) over (2.3-3ubuntu9.2) ...
Setting up dkms (2.3-3ubuntu9.2) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.8.3-2) ...
b4@pc:~$
b4@pc:~$ find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name bcm*
/media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/restricted/b/bcmwl
/media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/restricted/b/bcmwl/bcmwl-kernel-source_6.30.223.271+bdcom-0ubuntu4_amd64.deb
b4@pc:~$ sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/restricted/b/bcmwl/bcmwl-kernel-source_6.30.223.271+bdcom-0ubuntu4_amd64.deb 
Selecting previously unselected package bcmwl-kernel-source.
(Reading database ... 128918 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../bcmwl-kernel-source_6.30.223.271+bdcom-0ubuntu4_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking bcmwl-kernel-source (6.30.223.271+bdcom-0ubuntu4) ...
Setting up bcmwl-kernel-source (6.30.223.271+bdcom-0ubuntu4) ...
Loading new bcmwl-6.30.223.271+bdcom DKMS files...
Building for 4.15.0-29-generic
Building for architecture x86_64
Building initial module for 4.15.0-29-generic
Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key
........+++
...............................................+++
writing new private key to '/var/lib/shim-signed/mok/MOK.priv'
-----
Secure Boot not enabled on this system.
Done.

wl:
Running module version sanity check.
 - Original module
   - No original module exists within this kernel
 - Installation
   - Installing to /lib/modules/4.15.0-29-generic/updates/dkms/

depmod......

DKMS: install completed.
update-initramfs: deferring update (trigger activated)
Processing triggers for initramfs-tools (0.130ubuntu3.1) ...
update-initramfs: Generating /boot/initrd.img-4.15.0-29-generic
b4@pc:~$ 

successful ...

下面总结一下安装过程:
一  安装CentOS系统

Package gcc is not configured yet. 解决办法

安装完gcc后安装驱动deb包时,爆出这个错误。

sudo dpkg --configure -a

ok.

1  用光盘(或者U盘)制作映像文件。注:我这里使用的映像文件是CentOS-6.6-i386-bin-DVD1.iso (本来也打算采用64位的系统,但由于本机器主板同时支持UEFI模式和BIOS模式,且CentOS 6.4及以上64位的系统默认使用的是UEFI安装模式。在UEFI安装模式,需要硬盘分区是GPT分区,而本机硬盘以采用MBR分区模式,固总是安装不上。具体可google “UEFI”)

history

这一部分是整个安装过程的命令历史记录,包括安装gcc和g++的过程,安装broadcom网卡驱动的过程。

   22  find . -name gcc*
   23  cd pool/main/g/gcc-defaults/
   24  ls
   25  sudo dpkg -i gcc_7.3.0-3ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   26  cd ../../..
   27  cd ..
   28  find . -name gcc*
   29  cd pool/main/g/gcc-7/
   30  ls
   31  sudo dpkg -i gcc-7_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   32  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   33  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name libitm1*
   34  cd ../gcc-8/
   35  ls
   36  sudo dpkg -i libitm1_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   37  sudo dpkg -i libatomic1_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   38  sudo dpkg -i liblsan0_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   39  cd ../gcc-7/
   40  ls
   41  sudo dpkg -i gcc-7_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   42  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   43  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name libasan*
   44  sudo dpkg -i libasan4_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   45  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   46  ll
   47  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name libtsan*
   48  sudo dpkg -i ../gcc-8/libtsan0_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   49  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   50  ll
   51  sudo dpkg -i libubsan0_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   52  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   53  sudo dpkg -i libcilkrts5_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   54  sudo dpkg -i ../gcc-8/libmpx2_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   55  sudo dpkg -i ../gcc-8/libquadmath0_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   56  ls
   57  sudo dpkg -i gcc-7_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   58  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   59  sudo dpkg -i gcc-7_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   60  gcc -v
   61  clear
   62  ls
   63  cd ../../
   64  ls
   65  cd ..
   66  ls
   67  clear
   68  find / -name bcm
   69  clear
   70  ls
   71  find . -name dkms
   72  find . -name dkms*
   73  sudo dpkg -i pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
   74  gcc
   75  reboot 
   76  gcc -v
   77  clear
   78  ls
   79  ls /usr/bin/gcc*
   80  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name bcm*
   81  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name dkms*
   82  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
   83  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name dpkg-dev*
   84  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dpkg/dpkg-dev_1.19.0.5ubuntu2_all.deb 
   85  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name make*
   86  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/m/make-dfsg/make_4.1-9.1ubuntu1_amd64.deb 
   87  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dpkg/dpkg-dev_1.19.0.5ubuntu2_all.deb 
   88  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
   89  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name g++*
   90  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/gcc-7/libgcc-7-
   91  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name libstdc++*
   92  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/gcc-7/libstdc++-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   93  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name libc6*
   94  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/glibc/libc6-dev_2.27-3ubuntu1_amd64.deb 
   95  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/glibc/libc-dev-bin_2.27-3ubuntu1_amd64.deb 
   96  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name linux-libc*
   97  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/l/linux/linux-libc-dev_4.15.0-29.31_amd64.deb 
   98  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/glibc/libc6-dev_2.27-3ubuntu1_amd64.deb 
   99  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/gcc-7/libstdc++-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
  100  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/gcc-7/g++-7_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
  101  exit
  102  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
  103  dpkg -l
  104  dpkg -l | grep gcc
  105  g++
  106  g++ -v
  107  gcc -v
  108  gcc
  109  g++
  110  ls /usr/bin/ g*
  111  ls /usr/bin/ g++*
  112  clear
  113  ls
  114  ls /usr/bin/ | grep g*
  115  ls /usr/bin/ | grep g++*
  116  ln -s /usr/bin/g++-7 /usr/bin/g++
  117  sudo ln -s /usr/bin/g++-7 /usr/bin/g++
  118  g++
  119  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
  120  sudo dpkg --configure -a
  121  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
  122  gedit e.txt
  123  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name bcm
  124  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name bcw
  125  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name bcm*
  126  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/restricted/b/bcmwl/bcmwl-kernel-source_6.30.223.271+bdcom-0ubuntu4_amd64.deb 
  127  gedit e.txt 
  128  reboot 

8455澳门新,2 正常安装CentOS,这一步骤具体方法网上有很多。由于系统引导问题,建议阅读以后再安装。可参照:http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2014-04/100032.htm

history | grep dpkg

b4@pc:~$ history | grep dpkg
   25  sudo dpkg -i gcc_7.3.0-3ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   31  sudo dpkg -i gcc-7_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   32  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   36  sudo dpkg -i libitm1_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   37  sudo dpkg -i libatomic1_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   38  sudo dpkg -i liblsan0_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   41  sudo dpkg -i gcc-7_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   42  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   44  sudo dpkg -i libasan4_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   45  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   48  sudo dpkg -i ../gcc-8/libtsan0_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   49  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   51  sudo dpkg -i libubsan0_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   52  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   53  sudo dpkg -i libcilkrts5_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   54  sudo dpkg -i ../gcc-8/libmpx2_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   55  sudo dpkg -i ../gcc-8/libquadmath0_8-20180414-1ubuntu2_amd64.deb 
   57  sudo dpkg -i gcc-7_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   58  sudo dpkg -i libgcc-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   59  sudo dpkg -i gcc-7_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   73  sudo dpkg -i pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
   82  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
   83  find /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/ -name dpkg-dev*
   84  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dpkg/dpkg-dev_1.19.0.5ubuntu2_all.deb 
   86  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/m/make-dfsg/make_4.1-9.1ubuntu1_amd64.deb 
   87  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dpkg/dpkg-dev_1.19.0.5ubuntu2_all.deb 
   88  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
   90  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/gcc-7/libgcc-7-
   92  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/gcc-7/libstdc++-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
   94  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/glibc/libc6-dev_2.27-3ubuntu1_amd64.deb 
   95  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/glibc/libc-dev-bin_2.27-3ubuntu1_amd64.deb 
   97  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/l/linux/linux-libc-dev_4.15.0-29.31_amd64.deb 
   98  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/glibc/libc6-dev_2.27-3ubuntu1_amd64.deb 
   99  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/gcc-7/libstdc++-7-dev_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
  100  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/g/gcc-7/g++-7_7.3.0-16ubuntu3_amd64.deb 
  102  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
  103  dpkg -l
  104  dpkg -l | grep gcc
  119  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
  120  sudo dpkg --configure -a
  121  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/main/d/dkms/dkms_2.3-3ubuntu9.2_all.deb 
  126  sudo dpkg -i /media/b4/UBUNTU 18_0/pool/restricted/b/bcmwl/bcmwl-kernel-source_6.30.223.271+bdcom-0ubuntu4_amd64.deb 
  136  dpkg -l
  137  dpkg -l | grep g*
  138  dpkg -l | grep gcc*
  139  history | grep dpkg

 **安装完成以后,我们会发现一切OK,但就是上不了网,就出现了本文开头所提到的问题。**

二 安装编译环境及网卡驱动

接下来,我们就要安装网卡驱动:

    首先,安装gcc, g++编译环境。因为上不了网,所以只能使用光盘镜像中的安装文件,幸而镜像文件中有这些必须的文件。
      1)加载光盘(或者U盘)镜像文件到系统并设置yum软件源为本地镜像文件。方法可参照:http://www.linuxidc.com/Linux/2015-01/111266.htm

本文由8455澳门新发布于关于我们,转载请注明出处:安装即可,Controller的驱动却没有

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